ED Probes Byju's for Alleged FEMA Violations Amid Controversy

ED searches Byju's premises in Bengaluru over alleged FEMA violations. The Edtech startup has received FDI of around Rs 28,000 cr between 2011-2023, and remitted approximately Rs. 9,754 cr to various foreign jurisdictions. Read on for full details.

Swati Dayal
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Byjus controversy

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The Edtech startup Byju’s is under Enforcement Directorate lens over alleged FEMA violations. In this regard, the Directorate of Enforcement (ED) has conducted searches and seizure action at three premises in Bengaluru in connection with Raveendaran Byju and his company 'Think & Learn Private Limited', which runs the popular online education portal Byju's

The searches were conducted under the provisions of the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA). Two of the premises were business locations, and one was a residential property.

Why ED Conducted Searches and Seizures in Byju's Premises?

According to sources, during the search and seizure operation, various incriminating documents and digital data were seized. The FEMA searches also revealed that the company had received foreign direct investment of approximately Rs. 28,000 crore between 2011 and 2023. Furthermore, the company remitted approximately Rs. 9,754 crore to various foreign jurisdictions during the same period in the name of overseas direct investment.

The company also booked around Rs. 944 crore in the name of advertisement and marketing expenses, including the amount remitted to foreign jurisdictions. It is important to note that the company has not prepared its financial statements since the financial year 2020-21 and has not had its accounts audited, which is mandatory. As a result, the genuineness of the figures provided by the company is being cross-examined from the banks.

How Did ED Initiate Investigation Against Byju’s?

The source added that the investigation against the platform was initiated on the basis of various complaints received from private individuals. The ED conducted an investigation and issued several summonses to the founder and CEO, Raveendaran Byju. 

However, he always remained evasive and never appeared during the investigation.

The ED has not disclosed the specific nature of the violations that prompted the searches and seizure action. However, FEMA deals with transactions involving foreign exchange, including investments and remittances, and violations can result in penalties and fines.

About Byju’s – The Edtech Giant

Byju's is one of the largest and most valuable edtech startups in the world, with a current valuation of over $16 billion. The company, founded in 2011, has become a household name in India, offering online courses for students from kindergarten to post-graduate levels. Byju's has expanded rapidly in recent years and has also expanded its operations to other countries, including the United States. The company has received funding from several prominent investors, including the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, and is widely regarded as a leader in the edtech space.

Byju's is a well-known online education platform in India, offering courses for students from kindergarten to post-graduate levels. The company has been expanding rapidly and has recently expanded its operations to the United States and other countries. It has also received funding from several prominent investors, including the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, which is backed by Facebook co-founder Mark Zuckerberg.

Implications for Byju's and Regulatory Environment for Edtech Platforms

The current investigation by the ED could have serious implications for Byju's and its operations. The company has not yet released a statement on the matter, and it remains to be seen how it will respond to the ED's actions.

The ED's actions also raise questions about the regulatory environment for online education platforms in India. As these platforms continue to grow and expand, there is a need for clear and effective regulations that can ensure their compliance with relevant laws and prevent any potential violations. The ED's investigation could serve as a wake-up call for the industry and prompt regulators to take a closer look at these platforms and their operations.

The investigation is still ongoing, and it remains to be seen how it will impact the company and the wider industry. Nonetheless, it is clear that there is a need for greater transparency and accountability in this sector, and regulators must take proactive steps to ensure compliance with relevant laws and prevent any potential violations.