Why Will the Indian Growth Story Continue? Abki Baar 5 Trillion Paar?

India's diverse harvest festivals highlight unity; economic growth surpasses agrarian roots. Modi's '400 Paar' pledge coincides with the IMF's upward economic forecast and experts' '5 Trillion Paar' forecast, signalling robust expansion.

Manoj Singh
New Update
5 Trillion

TICE Creative Image

Indian farmers recently celebrated a plethora of harvest festivals, spanning from Kashmir to Kanyakumari, including Baisakhi, Basant Panchami, Wangala, Ka Pomblang Nongkrem, Pongal, Nuakhai, Gudi Padwa, Nabanna, and Onam. Despite being termed loosely as an agrarian economy, India has witnessed significant economic growth over the past few decades. Diversifying its economy has been a key strategy, leading to enhanced self-reliance and a focus on exports, among other economic milestones.

Modi's '400 Paar' Pledge: IMF Echoes '5 Trillion Paar' for India?

As  Prime Minister Modi kickstarted the Indian Elections 2024 with the rallying cry "Abi Baar 400 Paar," the latest IMF report and expert opinions suggest that India is poised for an economic surge, aiming for "Abki Baar 5 Trillion Paar." This ambitious target indicates that India's economy is on the right trajectory to surpass or reach the 5 trillion mark in the coming years. What factors have contributed to such an exceptionally optimistic outlook for India's economic growth?

India's Economic Landscape: Resilience in Diversity

The robust and resilient nature of India's economy, bolstered by its size and economic diversification, continues to paint a promising picture for its future growth trajectory. With a well-diversified economy valued at $4 trillion, India stands out among its peers for its economic complexity and resilience. Unlike many other economies heavily reliant on specific sectors, India boasts a diverse array of industries, including automobile manufacturing, steel production, cereal exports, and software development.

The Economic Diversification Index (EDI) reflects India's economic complexity, ranking it 24th out of 112 countries. This places India ahead of other large economies such as Indonesia, Brazil, and Russia, which have higher GDP per capita but lack India's level of economic diversification.

Steady Growth Amidst Global Turmoil: India's Economic Fortitude

One of the key strengths of India's economy lies in its ability to avoid currency crises or economic slowdowns triggered by fluctuations in commodity prices, a challenge faced by many richer nations. The growth trajectory of India's GDP is closely tied to the efficiency of its governance, with projections ranging from 4% in less favorable scenarios to 7% under conducive government policies. Regardless, the overarching trend remains one of steady growth, ensuring a continuous flow of foreign direct investment (FDI) into the country.

IMF Forecasts: India's Economic Resurgence on the Horizon

Recent forecasts from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) underscore India's resilience and potential for growth. The IMF projects India's economy to expand by 6.8% in the fiscal year 2025, up from its earlier estimate of 6.5%. This upward revision is attributed to the sustained strength of domestic demand and the expanding working-age population, driving India's economic momentum forward.

India's Growth Trajectory: Surpassing China and Beyond

Moreover, India's growth outlook surpasses that of other major economies, including China, positioning it as the fastest-growing major economy globally. The IMF's World Economic Outlook emphasises India's robust growth driven by domestic demand, contrasting with the expected slowdown in emerging and developing Asia, including China.

Resilience Personified: India's Economy Defies Odds

Despite global challenges such as supply-chain disruptions and geopolitical tensions, India's economy remains resilient, evidenced by its consistent growth performance. Official data reveals impressive growth rates, with the economy expanding by 8.4% during the October-December quarter of the financial year 2023-24, maintaining its status as the fastest-growing major economy.

Towards 5 Trillion: India's Economic Ascent Unfolds

Looking ahead, the IMF's projections paint a positive picture for India's economic trajectory, projecting a growth rate of 6.8% in 2024 and 6.5% in 2025. These forecasts align with India's demographic dividend and robust domestic demand, positioning the country as a key driver of global economic growth.

India's upwardly revised growth projections underscore its resilience and potential as a significant player in the global economy. With a diverse economic base, strong domestic demand, and favorable demographic trends, India continues to chart a path of sustained and inclusive growth, shaping the trajectory of the global economy for years to come.