Confidentiality Vs Competition: Can Swiggy Keep Its Recipe Secret

Is Swiggy's secret sauce about to be spilled? Dive in to find out why a food delivery giant is battling a restaurant association in court over data! Will Swiggy be forced to reveal its secret recipe for success, or can they keep their data under wraps?

Swati Dayal
New Update


Have you ever considered what the real food for a food delivery platform is? It's not the biryani or pizza you order – it's data.   Data is the lifeblood of the food delivery business, providing the insights needed to survive and thrive in a competitive market. Imagine, then, the dilemma a platform faces if asked to share this critical data with someone else... But let's begin the story from the beginning. 

Swiggy, a well-known food delivery platform, has become a household name across India thanks to its convenience, reliability, and variety.   It now plays an indispensable role in the food industry, with both customers and restaurants relying heavily on the platform for their business. This creates a symbiotic relationship between all three parties.

This Can Destroy Swiggy: Why They're Fighting Data Sharing


In 2022, the approximate customer base of Swiggy was arouund 86 million with the number of 1,28,000 restaurant partners.

Swiggy, has recently been in the news for a different reason. It as has recently challenged the Competition Commission of India (CCI). 

The crux of the matter revolves around a contentious order that mandates Swiggy to share confidential information with the National Restaurant Association of India (NRAI). 

Here’s an in-depth look into the case and the issues at hand. Swiggy has recently challenged the CCI in Karnataka High Court. The crux of the matter revolves around a contentious order that mandates Swiggy to share confidential information with the National Restaurant Association of India (NRAI). Here’s an in-depth look into the case and the issues at hand. Let's unpack the case and see what's at stake.


The Dispute: Anti-Competitive Practices?

Back in 2021, the National Restaurant Association of India (NRAI) accused Swiggy and its rival Zomato of unfair practices. These included forcing restaurants to use their delivery services, hiding customer data, and unfair contracts with high commission fees. The CCI took notice and launched an investigation.

  • Mandatory enrolment for delivery services
  • Masking customer data from restaurantsData vs Dominance: Swiggy Fights to Keep Food Delivery Secre
  • Conflicts of interest related to cloud kitchen listings
  • Unfair contractual terms
  • High commission fees coupled with rising discounts

The Order That Sparked the Fight

Following the NRAI's complaint, the CCI found a prima facie case against Swiggy and Zomato in 2022. This prompted the CCI to direct its Director General (DG) of Investigation to conduct a thorough probe into the allegations. During this investigation, Swiggy was required to submit detailed and highly confidential information from September 2022 to October 2023.

After a year of investigation, the CCI ordered Swiggy to share confidential information with the NRAI. This would supposedly help the NRAI prove their claims. However, Swiggy strongly disagreed.


On April 24, the CCI issued an order granting NRAI representatives access to the confidential information provided by Swiggy. This order was intended to ensure transparency and allow the NRAI to substantiate its claims. However, the CCI also mandated that the NRAI ensure the confidentiality of the information and destroy it once the proceedings concluded.

Swiggy's Challenge: Why the Data Sharing Matters

Swiggy has vehemently opposed this decision, filing a petition with the Karnataka High Court. In its plea, Swiggy argues that the CCI's decision is arbitrary, lacks reasoning, and contravenes the provisions of the Competition Act. Furthermore, Swiggy contends that disclosing such sensitive information to a third party, even under confidentiality agreements, could cause irreparable harm to its business.


Swiggy, which refused to share its data, argues that sharing confidential data, even with safeguards, could be disastrous. This data could include trade secrets and other sensitive information that gives them a competitive edge. They fear this information could fall into the wrong hands and hurt their business.

The Karnataka High Court Steps In

Swiggy filed a petition challenging the CCI's order in the Karnataka High Court. There's a twist, though. The Court is unsure if it has the authority to hear the case since the CCI is a national body. There's a hearing scheduled to decide this jurisdictional issue.

The Bigger Picture: Competition vs. Confidentiality

This case raises a critical question: how do we balance fair competition with protecting a company's confidential information? Swiggy's win could set a precedent for how data is handled in future antitrust investigations. On the other hand, if the CCI wins, it could empower other industry groups to seek similar data disclosures.

The Swiggy vs. CCI case is a fascinating legal battle with significant implications for India's booming digital economy. The Karnataka High Court's decision will be crucial, not just for Swiggy, but for the entire food delivery industry and its regulatory landscape. Stay tuned for further updates on this case!

The Swiggy vs. CCI case highlights the delicate balance between ensuring fair competition and protecting business confidentiality. As the legal battle unfolds, all eyes will be on the Karnataka High Court’s decisions, which will not only affect Swiggy but also shape the regulatory landscape for India's burgeoning digital economy.

    The outcome of this case could have far-reaching implications for the food delivery industry. If Swiggy's challenge is successful, it could set a precedent for how confidential information is handled in antitrust investigations. Conversely, if the CCI's order is upheld, it might embolden other industry associations to seek similar disclosures in future disputes.

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