Indian Biotech Rise To $300 Bn Future! What's Leading This Growth?

Do you wonder what are the factors behind this sudden surge in India’s biotech industry? What are initiatives and policies boosting the Biotech industry? Read on to know!

Shreshtha Verma
New Update
Indian Biotech Growth 300 Billion Future

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In a staggering display of growth, India's Bioeconomy has surged at a double-digit rate year-on-year for the past 9/10 years, catapulting from a modest $10 billion in 2014 to a projected $150 billion this fiscal year. Interestingly, the Indian bioeconomic trajectory is set to reach an ambitious $300 billion by 2030. These compelling figures were recently shared by Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh.

Over the years, India has become a major player in the field of biotechnology, ranking among the top 12 destinations globally and standing as the third-largest in Asia Pacific. The country's BioEconomy has soared to an estimated value of over $92 billion in 2022. Over the past eleven years, there has been a significant increase in its valuation, with the impact of COVID-19 giving the industry a substantial boost.

Today, India is recognized as a leading hub for bioinnovation and biomanufacturing, marking it as a sunrise sector crucial to achieving India's vision of a $5 trillion economy by 2024. The Biotechnology sector in India is diverse, covering Biopharmaceuticals, Bio agriculture, Bio IT, and Bio Services.

Indian Biotech Industry Size

The Indian biotechnology sector stands as a formidable force, characterized by its vast expanse and significant contributions to both economic growth and employment. According to the National Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency, the landscape is marked by:

Diverse Corporate Presence

With over 800 core biotech companies, India boasts a thriving ecosystem that spans across various subsectors within the biotechnology domain. These companies play a pivotal role in research, development, and innovation, contributing to the sector's dynamic growth.

Incubating Innovation: Bio-Incubators

Fueling the spirit of innovation, the country hosts more than 100 bio-incubators. These specialized hubs serve as nurturing grounds for new ventures within the biotech industry. By providing essential resources, mentorship, and infrastructure, these incubators contribute to the vibrant and evolving biotech startup landscape in India.

Jobs in Biotech on the Rise

In tandem with its exponential growth, the Indian biotech industry has emerged as a significant generator of employment. The sector has created over 32,000 job opportunities, reflecting not only its economic impact but also its role in addressing the country's employment landscape.

What Leads To India's Biotech Growth?

We have already seen the growth numbers, but what are the factors behind this sudden surge in India’s biotech industry? Let’s have a look: 

The unprecedented growth of India's biotechnology sector is not a mere coincidence but a result of strategic initiatives and global competitiveness that have propelled the industry into the limelight.

Domestic and International Demand Surge

The surge in India's Bioeconomy is intricately linked to a burgeoning demand both domestically and internationally. Initiatives such as Aatmanirbhar Bharat and Make In India have fueled domestic demand, fostering an environment conducive to growth. Simultaneously, on the global stage, Indian vaccines and biopharmaceuticals are sought after due to their globally competitive efficacy.

Global Footprint: India's Reach in Vaccines and Biopharmaceuticals

India has emerged as a key player in the global market, exporting vaccines to over 150 countries. Additionally, the nation has positioned itself as a premier destination for contract manufacturing and clinical trials. Leveraging generics and biosimilars, India is playing a pivotal role in containing healthcare costs and providing affordable access to innovative and inclusive healthcare solutions. Remarkably, India currently holds a 3% share in the global biotechnology industry.

Driving Agricultural Innovation: Biotech-KISAN Hubs

Recognizing the importance of sustainable agricultural practices, the Department of Biotechnology has taken proactive measures. It has funded 51 Biotech-KISAN (Biotech Krishi Innovation Science Application Network) hubs, creating a network that connects Indian farmers with leading scientists and institutions. These hubs empower farmers, with a particular focus on women farmers, by providing crucial information on soil health, irrigation, and cutting-edge Agri-technologies. Spread across 15 Agro-climatic zones, these hubs are actively operating in 169 districts, fostering a revolution in Indian agriculture.

Circular Economy Initiatives: Union Budget 2023's Ambitious Plans

Underlining its commitment to a circular economy, the Indian government, in the Union Budget 2023, announced the establishment of 500 new 'waste to wealth' plants under the GOBARdhan (Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan) scheme. This visionary initiative includes the setup of 200 compressed biogas (CBG) plants, with 75 in urban areas, and 300 community or cluster-based plants, requiring a total investment of INR 10,000 crore. This strategic move aims to address waste management while promoting sustainable practices in the biotech sector.

Mergers and Acquisitions: Shaping the Industry Landscape

Over the past five years (2018-2022), the Indian life sciences sector has witnessed a dynamic landscape shaped by mergers and acquisitions (M&A). A total of 22 deals have transpired during this period, amounting to a combined value of $4.6 billion. These transactions reflect the sector's dynamism and growing importance on the global stage.

As India's Bioeconomy continues to scale new heights, driven by innovation, government support, and global demand, it stands as a testament to the nation's prowess in the biotechnology arena.

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