Can DeepTech Startups Unlock Solutions to India's Biggest Challenges?

Struggling with water scarcity, healthcare access, and digital divide? India's DeepTech startups are developing next-gen solutions using AI, AR/VR & robotics. Can these innovations be key to unlocking India's future as a global tech leader? Read on!

Swati Dayal
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Forget outdated tech! India's DeepTech startups are at the forefront, leveraging AI, AR/VR, and robotics to tackle pressing issues such as water scarcity, healthcare access, and the digital divide. These groundbreaking innovations have the potential to propel India to global tech leadership. DeepTech is now transforming the nation and addressing some of the biggest challenges that thw world is facing.

India's technological landscape is evolving at a rapid pace, driven by the burgeoning DeepTech ecosystem. According to a report by NASSCOM and Zinnov titled "India's DeepTech Dawn: Forging Ahead," the country is witnessing a significant surge in DeepTech startups that are addressing critical issues of strategic importance, akin to their global counterparts.

In this article, we will explore the potential of India's DeepTech sector and why the nation needs to invest in these innovative startups to secure its future.

Why India Needs DeepTech Startups?

India's journey towards becoming a global technological powerhouse is inherently tied to the growth and success of its DeepTech startups. Here are several compelling reasons why India needs to prioritize and support its DeepTech ecosystem.


  • Leveraging the Vast Talent Pool

India boasts a vast pool of highly skilled professionals, particularly in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields. With the right opportunities and support, this talent can drive groundbreaking innovations. The DeepTech sector offers the perfect avenue for these professionals to channel their skills into creating impactful technologies.

As highlighted in the report, "India has the potential to become the next hotbed for DeepTech innovations." By harnessing this talent, India can develop cutting-edge solutions that not only address domestic challenges but also have global applications.

  • Addressing Unique Challenges

India's vast and diverse population, projected to reach 1.6 billion by 2050, presents unique challenges. Resource scarcity threatens water security and food production, while energy insecurity hampers sustainable development. Additionally, issues like inadequate sanitation and persistent hunger require innovative solutions.

By embracing DeepTech, India can tackle these problems head-on. For instance, tech startup Kritsnam offers IoT-enabled water management solutions, addressing water scarcity with precision and efficiency. Similarly, healthtech startup HealthPlix provides virtual clinic solutions with EMR integration, enabling healthcare access in remote areas, thereby improving sanitation and health outcomes.

  • Boosting Economic Competitiveness

To compete globally and achieve its economic aspirations, India must modernize its infrastructure and industrial practices. DeepTech offers the opportunity to bypass outdated methods and establish leadership in innovative and efficient manufacturing. This includes addressing labor challenges, upskilling the workforce, and meeting global demands for sustainable practices.

Startups like Clairco, which provides AI and IoT-enabled HVAC systems for energy management and air purification, exemplify this trend. These solutions not only enhance productivity but also contribute to sustainable industrial practices.

As noted in the report, "India can establish itself as a leader in innovative and efficient manufacturing by bypassing outdated practices."

  • Bridging the Digital Divide

India's vast digital divide separates bustling urban centers from millions in remote villages, hindering access to crucial services like healthcare, education, and basic internet connectivity. Building a digital bridge for the next generation is critical to ensure inclusive growth.

Innovative startups such as GetVu with AR-enabled smart glasses to improve worker productivity and enhance collaboration, and Veative Labs with interactive AR/VR learning solutions, are at the forefront of bridging this gap. These technologies ensure that even those in the most remote areas can benefit from advancements in digital services.

  • Addressing National Security and Strategic Interests

DeepTech innovations are crucial for addressing national security and strategic interests. Technologies in areas like AI, cybersecurity, space technology, and defense can significantly enhance India's capabilities. Startups working in these sectors are developing solutions that ensure the country remains secure and competitive on the global stage.

For instance, startups in the Space & Defense sector are contributing to advancements that support national security initiatives. These innovations are not only important for defense but also for India's space exploration ambitions, making the nation a formidable player in the global space race.

  • Enhancing Healthcare Access and Quality

The healthcare sector in India faces numerous challenges, including inadequate infrastructure, accessibility issues, and a shortage of healthcare professionals. DeepTech startups are revolutionizing healthcare by providing innovative solutions that enhance access, improve quality, and reduce costs.

Cloudphysician’s smartICU solutions with AI-powered automation and analytics are transforming critical care by making it more efficient and accessible. Similarly, HealthPlix is enabling remote healthcare services, ensuring that even those in rural areas receive timely medical attention.

Some Illustrative Startups offering Sustainable Solutions in India

The potential of India's DeepTech ecosystem is exemplified by a range of startups:

  • Clairco: AI and IoT-enabled HVAC systems for energy management and air purification.
  • GetVu: AR-enabled smart glasses to improve worker productivity and enhance collaboration.
  • HealthPlix: Virtual clinic solutions with EMR integration.
  • Ishitva: AI and robotics-enabled waste segregation solutions.
  • NeeWee: AI-enabled production planning solutions with real-time responsive rescheduling.
  • Cloudphysician: SmartICU solutions with AI-powered automation and analytics.
  • Kritsnam: IoT-enabled water management solutions.
  • UptimeAI: Deep learning and AI-based predictive maintenance solutions for industries.
  • Veative Labs: Interactive AR/VR learning solutions.

Exponential Growth in DeepTech Startups


The DeepTech startup scene in India is experiencing explosive growth. According to the report, "CY 2023 saw the number of new DeepTech startups in India more than double over that in 2022, primarily due to a sudden growth in the number of AI-backed DeepTech startups." The number of new inventive DeepTech startups grew nearly three times during the same period, with 65% utilizing artificial intelligence as their primary technology. These startups are catering to key sectors such as Enterprise Tech, Health Tech, and Agri-Tech.

DeepTech startups have the potential to drive significant economic growth. By creating high-value jobs, fostering innovation, and attracting investments, these startups contribute to the overall economic development of the country.

The report notes that "India needs to modernize its infrastructure and industrial practices to compete globally and achieve economic aspirations."

Moreover, the presence of a strong network of technology business incubators (TBIs) and supportive policies is fostering an environment where DeepTech startups can thrive. Initiatives like Accelerate Bharat and K-Accelerator are instrumental in providing the necessary support and resources to budding entrepreneurs.

Fostering Inclusive Growth

DeepTech innovations have the power to bridge socio-economic divides, ensuring that growth and progress are inclusive. By providing solutions that cater to both urban and rural populations, these startups are making a significant impact on the lives of millions.

For example, Veative Labs’ interactive AR/VR learning solutions are enhancing educational experiences, making learning more engaging and accessible to students across the country. This ensures that children in remote areas have access to quality education, thus leveling the playing field.

A Bright Future for India’s DeepTech

Nasscom’s DeepTech Initiative has been working towards nurturing and promoting world-class Indian DeepTech startups across both established hubs and emerging hubs.


India's DeepTech sector is on the cusp of a major breakthrough. With a supportive ecosystem, a rich talent pool, and a clear focus on solving critical issues, DeepTech startups are set to lead the country into a new era of technological innovation.

As noted in the report, "By embracing DeepTech, India can address its unique challenges, leapfrog traditional development models, and emerge as a global technological leader."

The continued growth and success of DeepTech startups are essential for India's future. By fostering innovation and supporting these startups, India can not only solve its unique challenges but also position itself as a leader in the global technology landscape. The potential is immense, and with the right investments and policies, India’s DeepTech dawn will undoubtedly forge ahead, brightening the future for generations to come.

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